Mongolia is a landlocked country that shares a border with Russia to the north and China to the south. It’s the 19th largest country in the world, but inhabited by only 3.2 million people as of 2021, making it one of the least densely populated countries in the world.
The closest neighbor to Mongolia is Kazakhstan to the west, a former USSR country. While Mongolia and Kazakhstan look as if they share a border, it is in fact separated by 50 kilometers by Russia and China.
People still debate whether Mongolia should be considered a Central Asian country or an East Asian country. Geographically Mongolia is mostly located in Northeast region of Asia, with the Western provinces near the sphere of Central Asia, but culturally and traditionally Mongolians share more similarities with Central Asian countries.
Many people have the wrong assumption that Mongolia is part of China or Russia.
If you were talking about Inner Mongolia or Buryatia, you would be right.
However, since 1911, Mongolia or “Outer Mongolia” as some people wrongly refer to has been an independent country.